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Earlier days we can run Selenium test in multiple machine ONLY using Selenium 1 RC (The Project name called Selenium Grid). The biggest downside with Selenium Grid is that, it doesn’t support Webdriver. But now with Grid 2, both Selenium 1 and Webdriver are supported and we can run test in multiple machines. Grid 2 will allow you to do following
· Scale by distributing tests on several machines ( parallel execution ) · Manage multiple environments from a central point, making it easy to run the tests against a vast combination of browsers / OS. · Minimize the maintenance time for the grid by allowing you to implement custom hooks to leverage virtual infrastructure for instance.
Steps to run test in multiple machine using Grid 2 Step1 (HUB) Start the Selenium standalone server with following command
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-2.14.0.jar -role hub
Now the Command prompt window will look like this image If you could see the above screen shot, selenium server once started, it started as a Selenium grid Server. The hub will automatically start-up using port 4444 by default. To change the default port, you can add the optional parameter -port when you run the command. You can view the status of the hub by opening a browser window and navigating to: http://localhost:4444/grid/console Step2 (Node) Now start the node from the same Selenium standalone server package itself in command prompt, since Selenium standalone server package itself includes Hub, Webdrivers and RC
java -jar selenium-server-standalone-2.14.0.jar -role node  -hub http://localhost:4444/grid/register
Now the Console looks like this image   Now once you go back to your browser and check the link http://localhost:4444/grid/console it will look like this image   By default Grid 2 starts 11 browsers : 5 Firefox, 5 Chrome, 1 Internet Explorer. The maximum number of concurrent tests is set to 5 by default. Running Test using RC and Webdriver For the Selenium 1 RC nodes, you can continue to use the DefaultSelenium object and pass in the hub information
Selenium selenium = new DefaultSelenium(“localhost”, 4444, “*firefox”, “”);
Similarly for running test using Webdriver, use RemoteWebDriver instead of WebDriver and DesiredCapabilities object to define browser, OS version etc.
    DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
Pass the code to RemoteWebdriver object also
WebDriver driver = new RemoteWebDriver(new URL("http://localhost:4444/wd/hub"), capability);
The Complete working code will look like this.
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.RemoteWebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.DesiredCapabilities;

class RemoteTest {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // Change this to match the location of your server
    URL server = new URL("");

    DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();

    System.out.println("Connecting to " + server);

    WebDriver driver = new RemoteWebDriver(server, capabilities);


That’s it. Enjoy running Test in Distributed Environment !! Thanks, Karthik KK

Post Author: Karthik kk

8 Replies to “Running Test in Remote machine with new WebDriver functionality (Grid 2)”

  1. How to control java robot class on remote machine. Please advice how to resolve this issue.

  2. Hi Kartik,
    HAve u ever implemented the grid with Csharp
    I am a java guy – And using TestNG its very easily possible to implement grid
    Whereas with Csharp I am not able to find the correct tool

  3. Hi Karthick,
    I followed the same procedure and my scripts are running on nodes that i registered from my virtual box but they are not executing on remote machine.Any suggestions will be appreciated.

  4. This script is not running at my end.
    I am getting below Exception

    Exception in thread “main” org.openqa.selenium.SessionNotCreatedException: Unable to create new service: GeckoDriverService

    1. Hi
      I am also getting the same error.
      Were you able to find any solution.

      Kindly share the solution if you have any


    2. Hope i am not too late. Use this command to run standalone server

      java -jar -Dwebdriver.gecko.driver="\geckodriver.exe" .jar

  5. I am getting below exception

    org.openqa.selenium.SessionNotCreatedException: Unable to create new service: GeckoDriverService
    Build info: version: ‘3.7.1’, revision: ‘8a0099a’, time: ‘2017-11-06T21:07:36.161Z’
    System info: host: ‘COMP25’, ip: ‘’, ‘Windows 7’, os.arch: ‘x86’, os.version: ‘6.1’, java.version: ‘1.8.0_144’
    Driver info: driver.version: unknown
    Command duration or timeout: 69 milliseconds

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